Kalamkari is a type of hand-painted or block-printed cotton textile, produced in parts of India. The word is derived from the Persian words kalam (pen) and kari (craftsmanship), meaning drawing with a pen.
Dutch merchants named this type of fabric decoration sits, and the British preferred chintz. There are two distinctive styles of kalamkari art in India – one, the Srikalahasti style and the other, the Machalipatnam style of art.
The dyes are obtained by extracting colors from parts of plants – roots, leaves along with mineral salts of iron, tin, copper, alum, etc., which are used as mordants. Red, blue, yellow, green and black are commonly seen.
The motifs used were floral and animal designs. The Persian influence on the designs is visible as ornamental birds, flowers, creepers, and mehrabs or archways found chiefly from Mughal architecture.